These are all members of the cruciferous vegetable family which are notable for their high amounts of glucosinolates. Glucosinolates are a class of compounds that work by releasing two anticancer compounds, isothiocyanates and indoles. These are the active compounds that prevent the activation of carcinogenic substances and are of critical importance in fighting the spread of disease. Broccoli contains an anticancer phytochemical that increases the body’s ability to get rid of toxic substances linked to the development of cancer. It is also capable of inducing cancer cell death. It is also believed to reduce the occurrence, number, and size of certain tumors. The Indole 3-carbinol (I3C) in broccoli, plays a role in reducing cancer growth in cancers which are estrogen dependent, like uterine, breast and cervical cancers.
It is always important to buy fresh organic vegetables. To preserve the integrity of their anticancer properties, veggies should be either lightly steamed or stir-fried over medium heat in a little oil mixed with water.